Roger Vilardaga

Positions:

Assistant Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Addiction
School of Medicine

Faculty Network Member of the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences

Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
Institutes and Provost's Academic Units

Member of the Duke Cancer Institute

Duke Cancer Institute
School of Medicine

Education:

Ph.D. 2012

University of Nevada at Reno

Grants:

PainTracker Sel-Manager: a web-based platform to promote and track chronic pain self-management and other treatment outcomes

Administered By
Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Addiction
Awarded By
University of Washington
Role
Principal Investigator
Start Date
End Date

Publications:

Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel Smoking Cessation App Designed for Individuals with Co-Occurring Tobacco Dependence and Serious Mental Illness.

INTRODUCTION: High rates of tobacco use among people with serious mental illness (SMI), along with their unique needs, suggest the importance of developing tailored smoking cessation interventions for this group. Previous early-phase work empirically validated the design and content of Learn to Quit, a theory-based app designed for this population. METHODS: In a pilot randomized controlled trial we compared the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of Learn to Quit versus QuitGuide, an app designed for the general population. All participants received nicotine replacement therapy and technical assistance. Daily smokers with SMI (N=62) participated in the trial with outcomes assessed at weeks 4, 8, 12, and 16. RESULTS: Compared to QuitGuide, Learn to Quit participants had similar number of days of app use (34 vs 32, p=0.754), but larger number of app interactions (847 vs. 205; p<0.001), longer durations of app use (4.24 hrs. vs. 2.14 hrs; p<0.044), and higher usability scores (85 vs 79, p=0.046). At week 16, Learn to Quit led to greater reductions in cigarettes per day (12.3 vs 5.9 for QuitGuide; p<0.01). Thirty-day point prevalence abstinence was verified in 12% of LTQ participants vs. 3% of QuitGuide participants (OR=3.86, CI: 0.41-36, p=0.239). Changes in psychiatric symptoms and adverse events were not clinically significant between conditions. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot trial provides strong evidence of Learn to Quit's usability, feasibility, and safety. Preliminary evidence suggests the app may be efficacious. A randomized controlled efficacy trial is needed to test the app in a larger sample of smokers with SMI. IMPLICATIONS: This study suggests that the Learn to Quit app is a feasible approach to deliver smoking cessation treatment in patients with co-occurring tobacco use disorder and serious mental illness. This means that, if found efficacious, this technology could be used to deploy smoking cessation treatment to larger segments of this population, hence improving public health. Therefore, a randomized controlled trial should be conducted to examine the efficacy of this digital intervention.
Authors
Vilardaga, R; Rizo, J; Palenski, P; Mannelli, P; Oliver, JA; McClernon, FJ
MLA Citation
URI
https://scholars.duke.edu/individual/pub1418167
PMID
31667501
Source
pubmed
Published In
Nicotine Tob Res
Published Date
DOI
10.1093/ntr/ntz202

Marching our values forward: Progressing contextual behavioral science in line with its core epistemic assumptions

MLA Citation
Vilardaga, R., and J. P. Vilardaga. “Marching our values forward: Progressing contextual behavioral science in line with its core epistemic assumptions.” Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, vol. 14, Oct. 2019, pp. 108–10. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.jcbs.2019.10.002.
URI
https://scholars.duke.edu/individual/pub1416551
Source
scopus
Published In
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science
Volume
14
Published Date
Start Page
108
End Page
110
DOI
10.1016/j.jcbs.2019.10.002

Pasos Hacia la Aproximación Entre Psicología y Cibernética: La Obra de Santiago Montserrat

Authors
Lichtenstein, F; Vilardaga, R
MLA Citation
Lichtenstein, Fanny, and Roger Vilardaga. “Pasos Hacia la Aproximación Entre Psicología y Cibernética: La Obra de Santiago Montserrat.” Revista De Historia De La Psicologia, vol. 25, no. 3'4, 2003, pp. 753–64.
URI
https://scholars.duke.edu/individual/pub1404957
Source
manual
Published In
Revista De Historia De La Psicologia
Volume
25
Published Date
Start Page
753
End Page
764

Tratamiento Cognitivo-Conductual de Una Persona con Trastorno Adaptativo en Espera de un Trasplante de Pulmones

Authors
Belchi, I; Bados, A; Vilardaga, R
MLA Citation
Belchi, Israel, et al. “Tratamiento Cognitivo-Conductual de Una Persona con Trastorno Adaptativo en Espera de un Trasplante de Pulmones.” Cuadernos De Medicina Psychosom Atica Y Psichiatr  a De Enlace, vol. 62/63, no. 215, 2002, pp. 43–50.
URI
https://scholars.duke.edu/individual/pub1404956
Source
manual
Published In
Cuadernos De Medicina Psychosom Atica Y Psichiatr a De Enlace
Volume
62/63
Published Date
Start Page
43
End Page
50

Study of the behavior of visitors to Barcelona zoo

Authors
Romeo, M; Dominguez, X; Espinal, I; Roper, C; Vilardaga, R
MLA Citation
Romeo, Marina, et al. “Study of the behavior of visitors to Barcelona zoo.” Xxii International Colloquium of Economic Psychology, Promolibro, 1997, pp. 1067–78.
URI
https://scholars.duke.edu/individual/pub1404955
Source
manual
Published In
Xxii International Colloquium of Economic Psychology
Published Date
Start Page
1067
End Page
1078